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HOLT Elements of Language Vocabulary Workshop Lesson 1


HOLT Elements of Language Vocabulary Workshop Lesson 1

Fredrick Douglas and Martin Luther King, Jr.
1-accentuate  فِعْل : يَنْبر . يشدّد . يشكُلُ . يؤكِّد . يُبْرِز
ac·cen·tu·ate
Pronunciation:    
ik-'sen(t)-shə-ˌwāt, ak-
Function:          
transitive verb
Inflected Form:   
-at·ed ; -at·ing
Etymology:         
Medieval Latin accentuatus, past participle of accentuare, from Latin accentus
Date:              
circa 1731

: ACCENTEMPHASIZE also : INTENSIFY <accentuates the feeling of despair>
 –ac·cen·tu·a·tion \ik-
ˌsen(t)-shə-'wā-shən, (ˌ)ak-\ noun

2-ambiguous  صِفَة : غامض . ملتبس

am·big·u·ous
Pronunciation:    
am-'bi-gyə-wəs
Function:          
adjective
Etymology:         
Latin ambiguus, from ambigere to be undecided, from ambi- + agere to drive ― more at AGENT
Date:              
1528

1 a : doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness <eyes of an ambiguous color> b : INEXPLICABLE
2 : capable of being understood in two or more possible senses or ways <an ambiguous smile> <an ambiguous term> <a deliberately ambiguous reply>
synonyms OBSCURE
 –am·big·u·ous·ly adverb
 –am·big·u·ous·ness noun

3- adj. comprehensive  صِفَة : شامل . واسع الإدراك


com·pre·hen·sive
Pronunciation:    
-'hen(t)-siv
Function:          
adjective
Date:              
1614

1 : covering completely or broadly : INCLUSIVE <comprehensive examinations> <comprehensive insurance>
2 : having or exhibiting wide mental grasp <comprehensive knowledge>
 –com·pre·hen·sive·ly adverb
 –com·pre·hen·sive·ness noun

4- adj. felicitous   صِفَة : موفّق . لَبق . رائع

fe·lic·i·tous
Pronunciation:    
fi-'li-sə-təs
Function:          
adjective
Date:              
1789

1 : very well suited or expressed : APT <a felicitous remark>
2 : PLEASANTDELIGHTFUL <felicitous weather>
synonyms see FIT
 –fe·lic·i·tous·ly adverb
 –fe·lic·i·tous·ness noun

5- n. intricacy   اسْم : تعقيد . شيء مُعقَّد
in·tri·ca·cy
Pronunciation:    
'in-tri-kə-sē
Function:          
noun
Inflected Form:   
plural -cies
Date:              
1602

1 : the quality or state of being intricate
2 : something intricate <the intricacies of a plot>

6- introspective ص. متجه نحو   منعزل، منطوي على نفسه، منسحب
intro|spec|tive /ɪntrəspektɪv/
ADJ Introspective people spend a lot of time examining their own thoughts, ideas, and feelings.

7- adj. provocative ص. محرض, متحد مستفز, استفزازي, مغضب, مثير, مهيج
pro·voc·a·tive
Pronunciation:    
prə-'vä-kə-tiv
Function:          
adjective
Date:              
15th century

: serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate <a provocative question>
 –provocative noun
 –pro·voc·a·tive·ly adverb
 –pro·voc·a·tive·ness noun

8- adj. rhetorical  صِفَة : بيانيّ . بلاغيّ . منمَّق
rhe·tor·i·cal
Pronunciation:    
ri-'tȯr-i-kəl, -'tär-
Variant:           
also rhe·tor·ic \ri-'tȯr-ik, -'tär-\
Function:          
adjective
Date:              
15th century

1 a : of, relating to, or concerned with rhetoric b : employed for rhetorical effect especially : asked merely for effect with no answer expected <a rhetorical question>
2 a : given to rhetoric : GRANDILOQUENT b : VERBAL
 –rhe·tor·i·cal·ly \-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
9- v. usurp  فِعْل : يغتصب العرشَ الخ
usurp
Pronunciation:    
yu̇-'sərp also -'zərp
Function:          
verb
Etymology:         
Middle English, from Anglo-French usorper, from Latin usurpare to take possession of without legal claim, from usually (abl. of usus use) + rapere to seize ― more at RAPID
Date:              
14th century


transitive verb
1 a : to seize and hold (as office, place, or powers) in possession by force or without right <usurp a throne> b : to take or make use of without right <usurped the rights to her life story>
2 : to take the place of by or as if by force : SUPPLANT <must not let stock responses based on inherited prejudice usurp careful judgment>
intransitive verb : to seize or exercise authority or possession wrongfully
 –usur·pa·tion \
ˌyü-sər-'pā-shən also ˌyü-zər-\ noun
 –usurp·er \yu
̇-'sər-pər also -'zər-\ noun

10- n. / adj. vernacular صِفَة : عاميّ . بلديّ . وطنيّ  اسْم : اللغة العاميّة . لغة إقليم أو جماعة ما
1ver·nac·u·lar
Pronunciation:    
və(r)-'na-kyə-lər
Function:          
adjective
Etymology:         
Latin vernaculus native, from verna slave born in the master's house, native
Date:              
1601

1 a : using a language or dialect native to a region or country rather than a literary, cultured, or foreign language b : of, relating to, or being a nonstandard language or dialect of a place, region, or country c : of, relating to, or being the normal spoken form of a language
2 : applied to a plant or animal in the common native speech as distinguished from the Latin nomenclature of scientific classification <the vernacular name>
3 : of, relating to, or characteristic of a period, place, or group especially : of, relating to, or being the common building style of a period or place <vernacular architecture>
 –ver·nac·u·lar·ly adverb

2vernacular
Function:          
noun
Date:              
1661


1 : a vernacular language, expression, or mode of expression
2 : the mode of expression of a group or class
3 : a vernacular name of a plant or animal 

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