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Essential Vocabulary: Lesson 1



Essential Vocabulary: Lesson 1

Word List
1.     abandon 
2.     keen 
3.     jealous 
4.     tact  
5.     oath 
6.     vacant 
7.     hardship 
8.     gallant 
9.     data
10. unaccustomed 
11. bachelor 
12. qualify



1. abandon (a ban' dan) desert; leave without planning to come back; quit
يهجر شخصًا، يتخلى عن شخص

a. When Sayed abandoned his family, the police went looking for him.
b. The soldier could not abandon his friends who were hurt in battle. 
c. Because Aya was poor, she had to abandon her idea of going to college.



2. keen (ken) sharp; eager; intense; sensitive 
نشيط، مجتهد
a. The butcher's keen knife cut through the meat. 
b. My dog has a keen sense of smell. 
c. Sayed's keen mind pleased all his teachers.

3. jealous (ˈdʒɛləs) afraid that the one you love might prefer someone else; want­ing what someone else has 
غَيُور
a. A detective was hired by the jealous widow to find the boyfriend who had abandoned* her
b. Although my neighbor just bought a new car, I am not jealous of him. 
c. Being jealous, Noha would not let her boyfriend dance with any of the cheerleaders.



4. tact (takt) ability to say the right thing
دبلوماسية، براعة، لباقة
a. My aunt never hurts anyone's feelings because she always uses tact.
b. By the use of tact, Aya was able to calm her jealous* husband.
c. Your friends will admire you if you use tact and thoughtfulness.


5. oath (oth) a promise that something is true; a curse
قَسَم، يمين

a. The President will take the oath of office tomorrow.
b. In court, the witness took an oath that he would tell the whole truth.
c. When Sayed discovered that he had been abandoned,* he let out an angry oath.


6. vacant (va' kant) empty; not filled
فارغ، شاغر

a. Someone is planning to build a house on that vacant lot.
b. I put my coat on that vacant seat.
c. When the landlord broke in, he found that apartment vacant.


7. hardship (hard' ship) something that is hard to bear; difficulty
مشقة، محنة، شدّة
a. The fighter had to face many hardships before he became champion.
b. Abe Lincoln was able to overcome one hardship after another.
c. On account of hardship, Bert was let out of the army to take care of his sick mother.


8. gallant (gal' ant) brave; showing respect for women
شجاع، شهم, مهذب، لطيف
a. The pilot swore a gallant oath* to save his buddy.
b. Many gallant knights entered the contest to win the princess.
c. Sayed is so gallant that he always gives up his subway seat to a woman.


9. data (dat' a or dat' a) facts; information
معلومات، بيانات

a. The data about the bank robbery were given to the F.B.I.
b. After studying the data, we were able to finish our report.
c. Unless you are given all the data, you cannot do the math problem.


10. unaccustomed (an a kas 'tamd) not used to something
غير متعود
a. Coming from Alaska, Aya was unaccustomed to Florida's heat.
b. The king was unaccustomed to having people disobey him.
c. Unaccustomed as he was to exercise, Aya quickly became tired.


11. bachelor (batch' a lar) a man who has not married
أعزب، رجل أعزب
a. My brother took an oath* to remain a bachelor.
b. In the movie, the married man was mistaken for a bachelor.
c. Before the wedding, all his bachelor friends had a party.


12. qualify (kwaJ a-,ff) become fit; show that you are able
يتأهَّل
a. I am trying to qualify for the job which is now vacant.*
b. Since Pauline can't carry a tune, she is sure that she will never qualify for the Girls Chorus.
c. You have to be over 5'5'' to qualify as a policeman.

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